Environment and Sustainable Development

The Islamic Republic of Iran contains a vast diversity of ecosystems, including two important mountain ranges, 10 Biosphere Reserves, 24 Ramsar listed wetlands and unique drylands and forests. Woodlands cover 12.4 million hectares and there are 10,000 hectares of Avicenna mangroves along the Persian Gulf. The number of species indicates biodiversity richness: 8,200 species of plants (of which 1,900 are endemic), over 500 species of birds, 160 species of mammals and 1,035 species of fish. Iran is also the origin of many genetic resources of the world, including commercially valuable plant species such as wheat. Due to a number of causes, however, Iran is exposed to rapid environmental and biodiversity degradation processes. There is heavy stress on and pollution of scarce water resources.

Our Goals

UNDP works closely with a number of our committed partners within the Government as well as Iran’s civil society to support national efforts in sustainably managing the environment and addressing persistent environmental challenges. more

Over the past years, Iran has suffered from severe sandstorms that originates in neighboring countries- Iran's western provinces are particularly affected. These are some of the challenges facing Iran in the field of Environment.more

Impacting Lives

Sustainable Agriculture Around Lake Parishan

“Less water, more yields!” exclaims Mohammad Sharifi Moghaddam, a wetlands conservation project consultant and instructor for the sustainable agriculture initiative around Lake Parishan near the mainmore 

Lost Paradise, No Longer “Lost" ; Conservation of Biodiversity in Zagros

Passing through the vast fields that sleep silently on the foothills of Zagros sierras, lie the intoxicating grape gardens that stretch into the forests of almond,more 

Projects and Initiatives

  • The project aims to establish a novel type of collaborative conservation system in which all stakeholder groups are fully engaged in planning, implementing and monitoring of resource management planning to ensure the protection and sustainability of use and exploitation of all biodiversity, renewable natural resources and ecological processes. more 

  • CIWP’s aim is to systematically remove or substantially mitigate the threats facing the globally significant biodiversity and sustainability of Iran’s wetland ecosystems. The project is implemented in partnership between the Iranian Department of Environment, GEF and UNDP.more 

View All Environment & Sustainable Development Projects

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