In-depth


Iranian Children
© Meysam Hassanloo

The UNDP CO poverty-environment initiative, started in 2011, is focusing on promoting integrated planning techniques at the institutional, regional and district levels that combine integrated natural resources management with socio-economic development (to support capacity for generating inclusive growth and poverty reduction).

Multi-dimensional and multi-purpose programming approaches are helping to develop institutional capacity (including at FRWO the national institution responsible  for natural resources) while the new CPAP process now includes the socio-economic planning and oversight institutions in this process over the next cycle (such as SPAC the planning entity, Ministry of Cooperatives, Labour and Welfare as well as the Ministry of Interior).

The expected result is a more integrated planning and implementation capacity in national institutions, more useful to sustainable human development.

Key Programme Priorities: CPAP Outcomes and Strategy

  • Outcome 1 Inclusive Growth. Aimed at improving macro planning capacity for achieving inclusive growth and sustainable human development outcomes. 
    Outputs aimed at developing capacity to incorporate human development criteria into macroeconomic planning (by supporting development of a fully integrated planning model / framework).
  •  Outcome 2 Capability Poverty Reduction. Aimed at improving institutional capacity for reducing capability poverty and enhancing human capital.Outputs aimed at developing capacity for employment generation, especially for poor and vulnerable, and at developing capacity for integrated, inter-sector capability development (health, education, employment) towards raising the HDI.
  • Strategy: inter-linked projects will ensure integration and consistency in activities and outputs towards employment generation, capability poverty reduction and natural resources management objectives.  These will be coordinated and supported through a Poverty Outcome Board entity that can ultimately be transformed into a “national entity for inclusive growth”.

Key Programmatic Achievements

  • Adoption of MDG indicators in Government sector and provincial planning documents – by 2008;
  • Successful piloting of the community–based social mobilisation and micro-credit best practice techncique (initiated by UNDP in 199) – and now being replicated significantly in many provinces by various institutions;
  •  Adoption of the human development index (HDI) as a 5th Plan indicator and objective;
  •  Integrated natural resource management practices using community-based approaches that incorporate socio-economic methods – and being replicated in many provinces;
  • Establishment of a CPAP Poverty Outcome Board and related Technical Committee  in 2012 to guide and support the new CPAP programme – membership made up of all partners;
  •  Initiation of Communities of Practice on “inclusive growth” (through workshops and research activity undertake by the Labour and Social Security Institute) and on “women’s economic empowerment”.
Girls in the province of Birjand

Challenges

  • Sector based inertia and resistance to inter-sector and integrated approaches;
  • Dominance of economic growth modalities and culture in planning and implementation;
  •  Continued resistance to “capabilities” approaches and methods;
  •  Resource mobilization for large scale activities.
  •  “Green economy” development requires dynamics that achieve combined higher economic growth rates (from the current long term average of 3.5% per annum), higher HDI growth rates (from average of 1.6%),  higher employment growth rates (from average of about 3%), and, lower carbon emission growth rates (from average of 5%).
Human Development Report 2013

The full report of the latest Human Development Report ranks I.R. Iran 76 in terms of Human Development Index (HDI)