Environment and Sustainable Development
The Islamic Republic of Iran contains a vast diversity of ecosystems, including two important mountain ranges, 10 Biosphere Reserves, 24 Ramsar listed wetlands and unique drylands and forests. Woodlands cover 12.4 million hectares and there are 10,000 hectares of Avicenna mangroves along the Persian Gulf. The number of species indicates biodiversity richness: 8,200 species of plants (of which 1,900 are endemic), over 500 species of birds, 160 species of mammals and 1,035 species of fish. Iran is also the origin of many genetic resources of the world, including commercially valuable plant species such as wheat. Due to a number of causes, however, Iran is exposed to rapid environmental and biodiversity degradation processes. There is heavy stress on and pollution of scarce water resources.
UNDP works closely with a number of our committed partners within the Government as well as Iran’s civil society to support national efforts in sustainably managing the environment and addressing persistent environmental challenges. more
Over the past years, Iran has suffered from severe sandstorms that originates in neighboring countries- Iran's western provinces are particularly affected. These are some of the challenges facing Iran in the field of Environment.more
Projects and Initiatives
The project aims to establish a novel type of collaborative conservation system in which all stakeholder groups are fully engaged in planning, implementing and monitoring of resource management planning to ensure the protection and sustainability of use and exploitation of all biodiversity, renewable natural resources and ecological processes. more
CIWP’s aim is to systematically remove or substantially mitigate the threats facing the globally significant biodiversity and sustainability of Iran’s wetland ecosystems. The project is implemented in partnership between the Iranian Department of Environment, GEF and UNDP.more