Intensified Malaria Control in High Burden Provinces towards Falciparum Elimination

Updated: January 2017

What is the project about:

The Project has been developed in line with the goals of National Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination aiming at elimination of falciparum1 malaria (the fatal type of malaria infections) by 2016 and all cases of malaria including vivax2 by 2025. Under the overall supervision of the Country Coordinating Mechanism and in partnership with national and international partners including WHO, Ministry of Health and Medical Education and 14 Universities of Medical Sciences and Health Services the project started in October 2011 for a period of five years based on success stories of previous malaria project that was conducted in October 2008-September 2011. It should be noted that the number of Universities of Medical Sciences has increased to 21 now. Worth noting is that, the project received the Global Fund approval for a no-cost extension for one year. Therefore, the project ends in end-Sep 2017.

1 Plasmodium falciparum: is a protozoal parasite carried by the female Anopheles mosquito, and is one of the species of Plasmodium that cause malaria in humans. Malaria caused by this species is the most dangerous form of malaria, with the highest rates of complications and death.

Plasmodium vivax: is a protozoal parasite carried by the female Anopheles mosquito, and is one of the species of Plasmodium that cause malaria in humans. The most frequent and widely distributed cause of malaria in Iran.

What have we accomplished so far:

  • Annual number of local malaria cases declined by more than 97% since 2010.
  • Annual number of local falciparum malaria cases declined by 95% since 2010.
  • 809,001 Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN) have been distributed to the target households to protect them against infected mosquito bites.
  • About 1,507,125 local people in malaria prone areas have been trained by Primary Health Care System personnel for using LLINs and received information on how to protect themselves against the disease in target districts.
  • On average, 175,925 people are protected against malaria twice a year by spraying their houses with insecticide (Indoor Residual Spraying: IRS).
  • The project is on track to eliminate falciparum malaria in Iran by September 2017.
  • Rural community volunteers have been trained and actively engaged in early case finding by using RDT kits.
  • Falciparum malaria elimination has been achieved much ahead of planned target in the high-burden areas in 9 out of 11 provinces under the project.
  • Over 460 RDT passive posts in the rural area of Sistan and Baluchistan have been established in collaboration with local women volunteers as a symbol of community participation in malaria elimination.
  • A web-based national malaria case and foci database, was put into practice in 2015 for the first time in the history of the country.
  • Establishment of Integrated Vector Management database.
  • Supporting national health system to develop 16 Operational Plans based on Malaria National Strategic Plan for 16 Universities of Medical Sciences.
  • Establishment of 21 mobile passive posts mostly in zero-point border areas in high burden provinces in order to minimize malaria transmission re-introduction which is caused by cross-border population movement.
  • Malaria SSF Project Transition and Sustainability Plan was submitted by CCM and approved by the Global Fund.

Who finances the project:



The Global Fund: US $20,538,984

Delivery in previous fiscal year:

US $1,947,111

Project Highlights
  • The project is on track to eliminate falciparum malaria in Iran by September 2016.
  • Rural community volunteers have been trained and actively engaged in early case finding by using RDT kits.
  • Falciparum malaria elimination has been achieved much ahead of planned target in the high-burden areas in 10 out of 11 provinces under the project.
  • Over 460 RDT passive posts in the rural area of Sistan and Baluchistan have been established in collaboration with local women volunteers as a symbol of community participation in malaria elimination.
  • A web-based national malaria case and foci database, was put into practice in 2015 for the first time in the history of the country.
  • Establishment Integrated Vector Management database.
  • Supporting national health system to develop 10 Operational Plans based on Malaria National Strategic Plan for 10 Universities of Medical Sciences.

 

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