MENARID - Institutional Strengthening and Coherence for Integrated Natural Resource Management


What is the Project About?

The MENARID project strengthens institutions by contributing to the removal of constraints to integrated natural resources management (INRM), through three main outcomes:

  1. Identify the main drivers of ecosystem use and change and their impacts on both ecosystem services and local livelihoods.
  2. Enable improved INRM practices.
  3. Enable improved community-driven approaches and techniques for INRM and ecosystem management.

What Have We Accomplished So Far?

The project has accomplished a number of measures of capacity building, planning and institutional strengthening, knowledge management and sharing, some of these important accomplishments are listed as follows:

  • Initiated identification of constraints to INRM in Iran and stock taking of local best practices.
  • Mobilized communities and local governance systems in five provinces towards participatory and integrated approaches to planning.
  • Sensitized policy and decision makers in national and provincial levels on INRM.
  • Initiated combined watershed based and District level strategic planning – with support of four institutional layers, including national Ministry of Jihad Agriculture (Forests, Range and Watershed Organization), Provincial Governor Generals, District Governors and Community Councils / Committees.
  • Prompted use of alternative livelihood approaches and created 200 units of alternative livelihood, which led to 370 jobs for local people in the pilot villages.   
  • Promoted new clean energy techniques at community levels through establishing 40 solar water heaters based on people requisitions.
  • Achieved models and Standard Operating Procedures derived to facilitate community based INRM processes.
  • Increased awareness of local communities particularly youth and women on INRM and natural resources conservation.
  • Trained 2000 students in pilot villages in three provinces of Yazd, Kermanshah and Sistan and Baluchistan on natural resources values and INRM through some scientific visits.
  • Designed and Implemented “Payment for Environmental Services” mechanism to prevent land degradation and natural resources conservation. 
  • Cooperation with SGP for sharing lessons learned and knowledge with provincial experts and local communities. 

Who Finances It?

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

US $4,320,000


US $200,000

Government Of I.R. Iran (Parallel Funding)

US $14,600,000

Delivery in Previous Fiscal Year



Global Environment Facility (GEF)

US $922,572


US $32,044

Government Of I.R. Iran (Parallel Funding)

US $490,000 (cash)

US $73,300 (in kind)


  • Identification of constraints to INRM, provide INRM road map and review INRM policies to determine conflicts.
  • Mobilization and coordination of communities and governance systems towards participatory and integrated approaches to strategic planning, through establishing four following committees;
  1. National steering committee;
  2. Provincial monitoring and planning committee;
  3. Provincial technical committee;
  4. Watershed integrated management committee.

This action led to preparation of 2 Strategy Documents at Provincial level in Yazd and Kermanshah.

  • Due to the project capacity building, 90 people from Razin village (one of the project pilot villages in Kermanshah province) voluntarily returned 50 ha nationalized lands which previously occupied. The area was afforested with suitable spices for the protected area.    
  • This action resulted 200,000 US$ decreases in legal procedure costs and three years’ time saving.
  • 12000 tons Carbon sequestered through INRM practices in the project pilot sites during 2 years.
  • Establishment of rural planning and development groups in three pilot sites that supervised some small groups.
  1. Yazd: 4 rural planning and development groups + 40 small groups in each villages;
  2. Kermanshah: 2 rural planning and development groups + 3 women small groups in villages;
  3. Sistan and Baluchistan: 2 rural planning and development groups + 36 small groups totally in all villages.
  • Implementation around 2000 ha SLM (Sustainable Land Management) practices totally in the project pilot sites which detailed in follow:
  1. Sistan and Bluchistan: 33 ha (Combat desertification Project)
  2. Yazd: 218 ha (Range land Management Project)
  3. Kermanshah: 1666 ha (Watershed Management practices including Seedling, Forestry, Check Dam construction and ….)
  • Development of a frame work for replication of “Payment for Environment Services” at national level by assistance of an International environmental economic consultant.   
MENARID Overview
Project Start Date:
November 2010
Estimated End Date:
December 2017
Partner institutions and up to five Iranian provinces (as pilot sites – Kermanshah; Sistan and Baluchistan; Yazd and SMLWR Project Pilot Sites – Tehran and Semnan)
Focus Area:
Combined Poverty-Environment
Goals 1, 7 and 8
UNDP Programme Officer:
Ali Nazaridoust
Ministry of Jihad Agriculture (Forest, Range and Watershed Org); Global Environment Facilities, Ministry of Interior’s Provincial Governorates;
National Project Director:
Dr. Parviz Garshasbi
National Project Manager:
Hooshang Jazi