Enabling I.R. Iran to Prepare its Third National Communication to UNFCCC
Updated: January 2017
What is the Project About?
As a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Iran is obliged to regularly submit national reports on how the country is implementing the Convention to the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the UNFCCC.
Iran is a so-called Non-Annex I Party to the Convention. Non-Annex I countries are mostly developing countries who develop their reports with financial support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Developing country Parties are required to submit their first NC within three years of entering the Convention, and every four years thereafter.
Iran ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in July 1996. Iran also ratified the Kyoto Protocol (KP) on 22 August 2005 and established the Designated National Authority (DNA) for CDM in October 2006.
The core elements of the national communications are information on emissions and removals of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and details of the activities a Party has undertaken to implement the Convention.
However, other required content and the timetable for submission of reports are different for Annex I (developed countries) and non-Annex I Parties. This is in accordance with the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" enshrined in the Convention.
As the follow-up project to the Initial National Communication and the Second National Communication, this Third National Communication will update and strengthen information provided on national circumstances including newly developed national regulations, rules and procedures, greenhouse gas inventories, climate change mitigation, vulnerability to climate change and adaptation strategies, and information on capacity building activities including public awareness, education, training, systematic research and observation, and technology transfer.
A list of projects related to adaptation to climate change and mitigation of climate change will also be included. Emphasis will be on improving the quality of reporting and development of national strategies based on quantitative approaches. The project is also attempting to streamline climate change considerations with the official national sustainable development plans and to enhance the national capacity to prepare subsequent national communications s on a continuous basis that meet the COP guidelines.
What We Have Accomplished So Far?
Since becoming a party to the UNFCCC in 1996, Iran has prepared two national communications: the Initial National Communication (INC) which was submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat in March 2003 and the Second National Communication (SNC) which was submitted in November 2011.
In addition, Iran has received the Top-up grant to prepare the Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) and research and systematic observation (GCOS) reports. Preparation of the Third National Communication (TNC) started in early 2012 and is currently on-going.
Iran is now finalizing its Third National Communication and some of the notable achievements include:
- National Guideline and reporting format for GHG emission inventory prepared and disseminated among the DOE provincial Directorate.
- Final reports for Health, Coastal zones, National Heritage and Biodiversity submitted.
- Climate modelling finalized.
- The National Circumstances report finalized.
- A national baseline study on climate change challenges prepared and disseminated among different sectors and high level policy makers through the Head of the Department of Environment.
- A National Scientific Association on Climate Change organized to synchronize national research and training projects of Climate Change.
Who Finances It?
The Global Environment Facility (GEF):
Delivery In Previous Fiscal Year
The Global Environment Facility (GEF):
US $ 94,410