Enabling I.R. Iran to Prepare its Third National Communication to UNFCCC

What is the Project About?

A public awareness and education workshop held in line with Iran's efforts to combat climate change

Iran ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in July 1996 and on 16 October 1996 became a Non-Annex I Party to the Convention. Non-Annex I countries are mostly developing countries. Iran also ratified the Kyoto Protocol (KP) on 22 August 2005 and established the Designated National Authority (DNA) for CDM in October 2006. Parties to the Convention must submit national reports on implementation of the Convention to the Conference of the Parties (COP).

The required contents of national communications and the timetable for their submission are different for Annex I and non-Annex I Parties. This is in accordance with the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" enshrined in the Convention. The core elements of the national communications for both Annex I and non-Annex I Parties are information on emissions and removals of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and details of the activities a Party has undertaken to implement the Convention. Parties submit their national communications to the UNFCCC secretariat in Bonn, Germany, which makes them publicly available.

Following a request from the COP, the secretariat synthesizes the most important information from submitted national communications in separate reports for Annex I and non-Annex I Parties, and in turn submits these reports to the Subsidiary Bodies and the COP for consideration.

What We Have Accomplished So Far?

Since becoming a party to the UNFCCC in 1996, Iran has prepared two national communications: the Initial National Communication (INC) which was submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat in March 2003 and the Second National Communication  (SNC) which was submitted in November 2011.

In addition, Iran has received the Top-up grant to prepare the Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) and research and systematic observation (GCOS) reports. Preparation of the Third National Communication (TNC) started in early 2012 and is currently on-going.

All three NCs were supported by the GEF with the UNDP as the UN implementing agency.

Who Finances It?

The Global Environment Facility (GEF): US$500,000

Delivery In Previous Fiscal Year


Project Highlights

  • National communications usually contain information on national circumstances, vulnerability assessment, financial resources and transfer of technology, and education, training and public awareness.
  • The TNC will be prepared according to the guidelines adopted be decision 17/CP8 of the COP which are applicable to the national communication of Non-Annex I parties.
  • This project also aspires to draft Iran’s Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) Report as well as Iran’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP), over and above Iran’s fulfillment of its reporting obligations to the COP of UNFCCC.

Project Overview
Project Start Date:
December 2011
Estimated End Date:
June 2015
Geographic Coverage:
Focus Area:
Energy & Environment
Project Officer:
Mehdi Kamyab
Department of Environment