6 Improve maternal health

How's Iran doing?

Iran is on track in reducing maternal mortality ratio by 75% between 1990 and 2015. This can be done as a result of the ever increasing number of births assisted by skilled attendants and an overall improvement in maternal and reproductive health. However in order to fully meet the target by 2015 needs assistance in a number of areas including monitoring of maternal care programmes.

What are the challenges?

The major challenges facing the country in relation to maternal health improvement in the context of reproductive health include:

  • Implementing the standard protocols for providing pregnancy, delivery and post-delivery services;
  • Disseminating sufficient information on the side-effects resulting from pregnancy and childbirth;
  • Improving the quality of services rendered by mid-wives;
  • Promoting the quality of reproductive health including family planning services;
  • Ensuring reproductive health commodity security;
  • Creating a comprehensive national system to prevent maternal deaths;
  • Establishing an appropriate monitoring system for maternal care programmes;
  • Bridging data and information gaps on certain concepts of reproductive health such as breast and cervical cancer and abortion.
Targets for MDG 5
  1. Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
    • Most maternal deaths could be avoided
    • Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
    • The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed
  2. Achieve universal access to reproductive health & inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health
    • More women are receiving antenatal care
    • Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
    • Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
    • Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
    • Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
    • Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed & use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education