6 Reduce child mortality
How's Iran doing?
The latest statistics from the MDG report reveals that Iran is on track in reaching the target of reducing child mortality by 2/3s by 2015. In particular it looks promising that the targeted rate for child mortality can be reached, while further efforts might be required to reach the recommended infant mortality rate of 17 in every 1000 live births. Furthermore the country is steadily reaching the goal of providing immunization for measles for all one year old children by 2015.
What are the challenges?
The major challenges facing the country in reducing child mortality include;
- Incorporating the mortality reduction programmes into macro health policies,
- Formulating provincial plans to diminish child and infant mortality rates,
- Expanding health programmes to all the remotest rural parts of the country and
- Strengthening implementation of standard protocols for prenatal and postnatal care.
Overcoming these challenges requires, among others, establishing a comprehensive death information registration system for child and infant deaths, introducing new educational methods for improved child nutrition and identifying the children’s burden of diseases. Furthermore the establishment of a high level child protection council could be conductive to improving the status of children in the country.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG4
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
- Under-five mortality rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles