Final Report of the Post-2015 Country Consultations: Islamic Republic of Iran
In September 2010 a High Level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly convened to review progress on MDG targets and agree on a concrete action plan to accelerate progress towards their full achievement by 2015. The meeting requested the SG to initiate thinking on a post-2015 development agenda and include recommendations in his annual report on efforts to accelerate the MDG progress; and also caledl on the UN System to continue informing the global debate on development and to lead the international discussion on a post 2015 development agenda.
Subsequently, the Secretary General established the UN System Task Team on Post-2015 UN Development Agenda, chaired by DESA and UNDP. The Team focused its analytical work on global partnerships for development, monitoring and indicators and financing for sustainable development. It also established the “Technical Support Team” to provide inputs to the Open Working Group of the GA on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to ensure early convergence of post-2015 and SDGs processes. The Task Team published 2 Reports in May 2012 and March 2013: Outline of a vision for post-2015 development agenda and proposal for 4 key dimensions of “inclusive economic and social development”, “environmental sustainability “, “peace” and security as well as recommendations on key dimensions and potential format for a global partnership in the post-2015 era.
Critically, the Task Team Report proposed that “a number of MDG shortcomings could have been avoided if a more inclusive consultation process had taken place” beyond a much smaller group of policy makers. Taking on this challenge, the UN Secretary General called for a bottom-up and participatory process to inform the framework that can build on the successes of the MDGs. A larger consultation effort would ensure that views of people worldwide will shape priorities, create a stronger sense of ownership, and support faster and more effective implementation of an emerging post-2015 framework. This approach would also redress the issue faced in the slow launch of the MDGs, where implementation in many countries (and support from partners) only started after 2005 losing 5 years of valuable time.
In parallel, in June 2012 in Rio, Member States decided to launch a process to develop a set of SDGs which will build upon the MDGs and converge with the post 2015 development agenda;
It was decided establish an "inclusive and transparent intergovernmental process open to all stakeholders, with a view to developing global SDGs to be agreed by the General Assembly. Governments also decided to establish an inter-governmental process under the General Assembly to prepare options on a strategy for sustainable development financing. In July 2012, the SG launched his High-level Panel of Eminent Persons to provide guidance on the post-2015 development agenda. Its 27 members include the private sector, academia, civil society and local authorities;
In an effort to operationlise the Secretary General’s vision, the UNDG had earlier developed a proposal to:
- Facilitate inclusive consultations in (83) countries in order to stimulate debate on post-2015 development agenda to complement the formal consultations on post-2015 led by the UN Secretariat on behalf of the UN GA;
- Undertake thematic consultations on 11 topics covering existing MDG areas as well as prominent development challenges that will shape prospects for development and poverty eradication;
- A global online conversation on the worldwewant2015.org web-platform, to survey and rank peoples priorities.
Based on this UNDG initiative, throughout December 2012 to June 2013, Iran was one of 83 countries to launch the national consultations. Iran Country Consultation amounted to a visioning exercise that sought the views of a representative cross-section of citizens – both from government and civil society- who have a stake in Iran’s development. A deliberate effort was made to seek out audiences who worked directly with the socially and economically marginalized and the vulnerable.
The process was organized by UNDP on behalf of the UN Country Team and was both led and robustly supported by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, namely UN’s government counterparts in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Environment.